GARY VARNER | Professor
Ph.D., Philosophy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1988
Research Interests: Harean two-level (or "Kantian") utilitarianism, animal welfare and animal rights philosophies (esp. how empirical science informs their application), environmental ethics
Office Hours: By appointment
Varner wrote one of the first dissertations on environmental ethics and has since published two books and over 50 shorter pieces on related topics, including hunting, animal agriculture and human nutrition, medical research, cloning, and pet ownership, as well as philosophical issues associated with the National Environmental Policy Act, the Endangered Species Act, and the property takings debate. His current work focuses on applying the two-level (or "Kantian") utilitarianism of R.M. Hare to questions about the moral and legal status of animals.